A bearing is a 3 digit angle measured clockwise from north. It is a way of indicating direction without ambiguity. We usually speak of taking a bearing between 2 points, or the bearing of the pub from the church. We may need to use a bearing when the weather conditions are poor, or the surrounding landscape is unfamiliar or featureless. Then navigating by the map alone may not practical, and we may have to rely on the compass to tell us the direction in which we wish to travel. You may also need to take bearings when trying to pinpoint your position on the map by triangulation. Either way the process is quite simple once you get used to it. (Note: For accurate bearings you will need to take into account the magnetic variation, but here I will ignore this for simplicity).